What Types Of Exams Are Carried Out Before To IVF?

What Types Of Exams Are Carried Out Before To IVF?


In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a medical procedure that facilitates conception for couples who are facing infertility. It entails fertilizing eggs and sperm in a laboratory setting, followed by the embryo transfer to the uterus to initiate pregnancy. While IVF has helped many couples to start a family, it is important to note that there are a number of exams that are carried out before undergoing the procedure.

This blog will explain the various types of exams conducted before IVF and why they are important.

Hormonal Evaluation:

One of the first exams carried out before IVF is a hormonal evaluation. This involves testing hormone levels in both the male and female partners. The tests are carried out to check for hormonal imbalances affecting fertility. The tests included in the hormonal evaluation may vary, but some of the most common tests include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen, and progesterone. Hormonal evaluation is important because hormonal imbalances can affect ovulation and sperm production.

Ovarian Reserve Assessment

Ovarian reserve assessment is another exam that is conducted before IVF. This involves testing the number and quality of a woman’s eggs. The tests included in ovarian reserve assessment may vary, but some of the most common tests include antral follicle count (AFC) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) testing. Ovarian reserve assessment is important because it helps doctors to determine the best course of treatment for the patient.

Infectious Disease Screening

Before undergoing IVF, both partners will need to undergo infectious disease screening. This involves testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV. Infectious disease screening is important because STIs can affect the success of IVF and can be passed on to the child.

Semen Analysis

Semen analysis is an exam carried out on the male partner before IVF. This involves testing the quality and quantity of sperm. The tests included in semen analysis may vary, but some of the most common tests include sperm count, motility, and morphology. Semen analysis is important because it helps to identify any potential issues with sperm that may affect the success of IVF.

Genetic Testing

Genetic testing is typically recommended for couples with a family history of genetic disorders or those at a higher risk of passing on genetic disorders due to age or other factors. It is also recommended for couples who have experienced multiple miscarriages or failed IVF cycles, as these may indicate underlying genetic issues.

During IVF, genetic testing can be performed on the embryos before they are transferred to the uterus. This can help identify any genetic abnormalities that may result in a failed pregnancy or increase the risk of genetic disorders in the child. Genetic testing can offer significant benefits for couples undergoing IVF, including increased chances of successful pregnancy and reduced risk of genetic disorders in their children.

However, it is important to note that genetic testing is a complex and sensitive process that requires the expertise of skilled professionals.

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

This type of X-ray is used to check the uterus and fallopian tubes for any abnormalities. During the procedure, a dye is injected into the uterus, and X-rays are taken to visualize the dye as it travels through the uterus and tubes.

HSG is important because it can identify any blockages or abnormalities in the uterus or tubes that may affect fertility. For example, if the dye does not flow through the tubes, it may indicate a blockage in the tubes preventing the egg and sperm from meeting. In this case, IVF may be a more appropriate treatment option.

HSG is usually carried out early in the IVF process, before starting medications or procedures. If any issues are identified during the exam, the doctor can adjust the treatment plan accordingly to optimize the chances of success. Overall, HSG is a valuable tool that can help doctors to diagnose and treat fertility issues in couples undergoing IVF.


In conclusion, before undergoing IVF, it is crucial to undergo several exams to ensure the best chance of success. Hormonal evaluation, ovarian reserve assessment, infectious disease screening, semen analysis, and genetic testing are all important exams that can help identify potential issues and guide treatment decisions. If looking for an IVF Clinic in Noida, it is important to find the best IVF doctor in Noida who can guide you through the process and ensure that you receive the best possible care. Remember to prioritize your health and well-being while pursuing your family planning goals.

Paul Watson